Opting for a sprinkler system that conserves water is helpful across the country, but especially important in drier climates like Texas. By opting for a system that conserves water, you can keep your plants, trees, and grass healthy without going past your allotted water consumption. In many cases, the best way to get a sprinkler system for conserving water is through your local tree experts, such as certified arborists. They can help you with these systems.
Drip Irrigation Systems
One of the most popular irrigation systems for water conservation is drip irrigation and although this is not technically a sprinkler system, it is somewhat related. Drip irrigation supplies water directly to a given plant, preventing excessive amounts from running off into the soil, where it would be useless and evaporate. It is perfect if you have a smaller yard or want to irrigate your plants individually.
Sensors for Rain And Soil Moisture
The most important feature of any sprinkler system to conserve water would be its sensors. It should ideally have rain as well as soil moisture sensors. The rain sensors will interrupt regularly scheduled watering times if it is raining as the extra water won’t be necessary. The best systems also have soil moisture sensors and these will analyze the moisture content of the soil and determine whether or not the sprinklers need to run at all, conserving water by restricting the sprinkler operation to times only when it is truly needed.
Using Irrigation Zones
Any expert will tell you that another key aspect of installing a sprinkler system to conserve water is relying on irrigation zones. This is the process of dividing the area to be watered into various divisions or zones based on their water needs. You therefore put plants that need a lot of water together and those that need very little together. This allows each plant to get enough water without wasting any extra on it.
Installing High Efficiency Nozzles
When you start looking at sprinkler systems to install, you will notice that there are many different nozzle heads available and some of these are better than others at conserving water. Rotary spray heads, for example, will usually involve a thicker stream of water and that means that less water evaporates or is carried by the wind so more reaches the plants, wasting less and therefore conserving water.
Timing Sprinkler System Use
In the case of timed sprinkler systems, it is important to set up their programs carefully after installing them as this will improve water conservation even more. The ideal is to set the sprinklers to run during the early morning as it is still cool outside, so less water will evaporate. If you were to use the sprinklers when the sun is at its fullest, much of the water will simply evaporate on contact with the plants or soil, being wasted.
Sprinkler Cycle Length
Most experts also suggest that you set up your water conserving sprinkler system in several short cycles as opposed to one longer one. This gives the water the opportunity to soak into the ground and plants between cycles, maximizing the percentage of water that is actually used.